Dei'ah veDibur - Information & Insight

A Window into the Chareidi World

29 Kislev 5764 - December 24, 2003 | Mordecai Plaut, director Published Weekly









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Shema Yisrael Torah Network
Shema Yisrael Torah Network











In Jerusalem Out-Migration Continues to Exceed In- Migration
by Betzalel Kahn

Jerusalem's negative migration balance is continuing. In 2002 some 16,600 people left the city, compared to 16,000 in 2001. Jerusalem's total population was estimated at 680,400 people - - 458,600 Jews (67.4 percent) and 221,900 Arabs (32.6 percent) -- representing about 10 percent of the population of Israel. The natural rate of increase was 19 percent in the Jewish sector, compared to 29.3 percent in the Arab sector.

At a recent press conference in Jerusalem the Jerusalem Institute for Israel Research presented data from the city's 2002/03 statistical almanac. Mayor Rabbi Uri Lupoliansky said residents are moving to outlying towns, and the demographic balance is changing from year to year because the government is not providing aid for housing construction and business owners.

In 2002 just 9,700 people moved to Jerusalem, compared to 10,100 the previous year. Between 1990 and 2002 some 125,000 new residents arrived in the city and 207,400 left. According to the almanac, 32 percent of departing residents migrated to Judea and Samaria, the vast majority to Beitar Illit and Modi'in Illit. Of the total number of outgoing migrants, half moved to Jerusalem's bedroom communities.

The statistical almanac also shows that Jerusalem is the poorest city in Israel, with 51.7 percent of its children living below the poverty line, compared to 50.6 percent in Bnei Brak, 21.7 percent in Tel Aviv and 29.6 percent in the rest of the country.

Enrollment in the city's schools came to 203,000 students. The chareidi school system is the largest in the city, with 76,150 students, compared to 64,430 at government and government-religious schools combined, and 39,230 at Arab schools. During these years enrollment in government and government-religious schools dropped by 7 percent whereas enrollment increased 16 percent in the chareidi sector and 43 percent in the Arab sector.

At the press conference, Mayor Lupoliansky said the government is encouraging construction in all of Jerusalem's surrounding communities through financial incentives for apartment buyers and industrial zones while neglecting Jerusalem itself.

According to a municipality-sponsored survey, he said, the majority of residents leaving the city move out due to the high price of housing. He called on the government to invest resources into public construction in the city, to provide inexpensive housing and to free land for construction, while providing aid for the construction of industrial zones and businesses in the city.


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